2019 Best TV DROUGHT IN NUMBERS

STORY:                     DROUGHT IN NUMBERS: FARMERS FARMING NO MORE

PRODUCED BY:     GMA NEWS SPECIAL ASSIGNMENTS TEAM

REPORTER:            TINA PANGANIBAN-PEREZ​

VIDEO

AUDIO

VIO: LAUR, NUEVA ECIJA

NORMAN MARANGAN IS ALREADY 72 YEARS OLD, BUT HE’S STILL CAN’T QUIT FARMING. 

SITNERS OF LOLO NORMAN

NORMAN’S KNOWLEDGE ABOUT PLANTING SEEDS WAS PASSED ONTO HIM BY HIS FATHER AT A YOUNG AGE. IN TURN, HE PASSED ON HIS KNOWLEDGE TO ONE OF HIS THREE CHILDREN.

L3RDS:

NORMAN MARANANGAN

Farmer

SOT NORMAN MARANANGAN “IF ONLY I COULD LEAVE THE FARM. BUT I CAN’T TOTALLY DO THAT BECAUSE I CAN’T THINK OF ANY OTHER WAY TO MAKE ENDS MEET FOR MY FAMILY.”

((STANDUPPER))

TPP STANDUPPER: 

“THE PHILIPPINES IS CONSIDERED AN AGRICULTURAL COUNTRY. BUT WE HAVE A SMALL NUMBER OF FARMERS COMPARED TO THE COUNTRY’S TOTAL POPULATION.

IN LUZON, THE SHARPEST DECLINE IN THE NUMBER OF FARMERS WAS IN THE PROVINCE OF NUEVA ECIJA – CONSIDERED THE RICE GRANARY OF THE PHILIPPINES. AND LIKE IN OTHER AREAS, THEIR NUMBERS ARE DWINDLING EVERY YEAR.”

OVID:

2.2 MILLION FARMERS

2015

Source: PSA

LATEST GOVERNMENT DATA SHOW THAT THERE ARE OVER TWO MILLION RICE FARMERS IN THE COUNTRY.

OVID:

2.6 MILLION FARMERS

2010

Source: PSA

THEIR POPULATION IN 2015 HAS DROPPED BY ALMOST 400,000 COMPARED TO FIGURES IN 2010. AND AS THEIR NUMBERS FALL, THE REMAINING FARMERS ARE GETTING OLDER.

GRAPHICS:

AGE OF FILIPINO RICE FARMERS

55 ANYOS

(AVERAGE)

Source: PSA, 2013

THE AVERAGE AGE OF THE FILIPINO RICE FARMER – 55 YEARS OLD.

IT SEEMS THAT THE YOUNGER GENERATION HAS LOST INTEREST IN FARMING.

GRAPHICS:

POVERTY INCIDENCE

FARMERS 34.3% 

Fishermen   34.0%

Source: PSA, 2015

ALTHOUGH THEY ARE THE MAIN FOOD PRODUCER IN THE COUNTRY, FARMERS LANGUISH AS THE POOREST SECTOR IN SOCIETY.

L3RDS:

NORMAN MARANANGAN

Farmer

SOT LOLO NORMAN

“THE MINDSET OF OUR CHILDREN NOW IS, SHIFT TO A DIFFERENT OCCUPATION. THEY WANT TO WORK IN THE MORNING AND GET THEIR PAY IN THE AFTERNOON. IN FARMING, THAT TAKES A VERY LONG TIME.”

HARVESTING

MODERN FARMING EQUIPMENT IS STILL NOT AFFORDABLE FOR MOST FARMERS.

GFX:

LANDS TILLED BY PLOW

2.38 M HECTARES FROM 4.8 M HECTARES

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

ALMOST HALF OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS IN THE PHILIPPINES STILL RELIES ON TRADITIONAL PLOWS INSTEAD OF MODERN MACHINERY.

FFRAME GFX

LEVEL OF MECHANIZATION

Bansa

Horsepower / hectare

Thailand 4.2
Vietnam 1.56
Philippines 1.23

Source: Dept. of Agriculture, 2013 

THE PHILIPPINES HAS A LOT OF CATCHING UP TO DO WITH THAILAND AND VIETNAM IN TERMS OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION.

GFX: DECREASING RICE LANDS

1980

2012

3.6M

hectares

1.9M  

Hectares

Source: PSA 
MEANWHILE, LAND FOR RICE CULTIVATION IS SHRINKING.
 

RICE PRODUCTION IN THE PAST YEARS HAS BEEN DECLINING AS WELL.

L3RDS:

SERAFIN SANTOS

Provincial Agriculturist, Nueva Ecija

SOT SERAFIN SANTOS

You can’t escape development. When a road is built on farmland, you can expect that a large part of the dissected land will be converted.”

L3RDS:

SEC. EMMANUEL PIÑOL

Department of Agriculture

SOT DA SEC. EMMANUEL PIÑOL

“You have to contend with the LGUs [local government units] which have the power to classify land [with] just a passage of a municipal resolution. So this really needs to be addressed by passing the National Land Use Act.” 

GRAPHICS:

“Relative to population, the Philippines has very limited lands suitable for rice cultivation. As a result, production cost goes up before enough rice is produced to meet domestic demand.”

Source: PIDS, 2014  

 ACCORDING TO A STUDY BY PIDS, OR THE PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, THE COUNTRY HAS LIMITED LANDS SUITABLE FOR RICE CULTIVATION.

AS A RESULT, PRODUCTION COSTS RISE BEFORE THE MARKET DEMAND IS MET.

ALL OF THESE HAVE AN IMPACT ON RICE SUPPLY AND MARKET PRICES, WHICH ARE ULTIMATELY PASSED ON TO THE CONSUMER. THIS IS WHERE THE NATIONAL FOOD AUTHORITY, OR NFA, PLAYS A KEY ROLE.

GFX

PROCUREMENT OF PALAY (UNMILLED RICE GRAINS)

YEAR                VALUE

2011                  4.900 B

2012                  6.552 B

2013                  (NO DATA)

2014                  141 M

2015                  3.815 B

2016                  495 M

2017                  437 M

IN RECENT YEARS, NFA PURCHASED ONLY ALMOST HALF A BILLION PESOS OF UNMILLED RICE GRAINS ANNUALLY.

 

GRAPHICS:

PRICES OF PALAY (UNMILLED RICE GRAINS)

NFA BUYING PRICE P17 / KG.

AVERAGE FARMGATE PRICE P21.17 / KG.

Source: PSA, October 2018

NFA BUYS THE FARMERS’ RICE GRAINS AT SEVENTEEN PESOS PER KILO.

GFX FFRAME

PRESYO NG BIGAS

URI(BIGAS) NFA(RP)  AVERAGE(RP)

RMR              P27/KG.   P45.72/KG.

WMR             P32/KG.   P48.83/KG.

SOURCE: PSA, OCTOBER 2018

AFTER SPENDING ON MILLING AND TRANSPORTATION, NFA SELL

BUT THESE PRICES ARE OVER 16 PESOS LESS THAN THOSE OF COMMERCIAL RICE, WHICH IS USUALLY SOURCED FROM THE PRODUCE OF LOCAL FARMERS.

SITNERS NG NAGSASAKA

AND BECAUSE THE AGENCY IS NOT PROFITABLE ... NFA IS AMONG THE TEN GOCCs, OR GOVERNMENT OWNED AND CONTROLLED CORPORATIONS, TO RECEIVE THE LARGEST GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY.

GFX:

GOCC NG SUBSIDY

National Housing Authority 87,581,953

Philippine Health Insurance Corporation 60,627,542

National Irrigation Administration 45,982,703

Land Bank of the Philippines 25,621,707

Social Housing Finance Corporation 9,220,007

Light Rail Transit Authority 8,451,877

National Food Authority 7,000,000

Philippine National Railways 5,581,472

Local Water Utilities Administration 4,381,308

Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation 3,500,000

SOME ANALYSTS SAY THAT NFA'S SEVEN BILLION PESOS SUBSIDY WOULD HAVE BEEN BETTER ALLOCATED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL INFRASTRUCTURE, AND PROVIDING SUPPORT FOR FARMERS TO ADDRESS THE COUNTRY'S RICE CRISIS. 

 

BUT ACCORDING TO

L3RDS:

TOMAS ESCAREZ

OIC-Administrator, NFA

SOT TOMAS ESCAREZ

“There are actually available resources to fund infrastructure development out of our corporate fund. We can't use the 7 billion for infrastructure development because we have a specific fund for that.”

L3RDS:

OMI ROYANDOYAN

Executive Director, Centro Saka

SOT OMI ROYANDOYAN

The problem with production is that water is lacking. Fix the watershed as a way of irrigation – that should be the top priority of this government. Be productive. Address why production costs are so high.” TINA PANGANIBAN-PEREZ, ON THE WATCH, 24 HOURS.

 

END

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