2016 BEST AGRICULTURE RADIO PROGRAM OR SEGMENT

 

“BEST AGRICULTURE RADIO PROGRAM OR SEGMENT”
ARIEL TEJADA
DWCI-FM, Piddig, Ilocos Norte

 

Agri-tayo Piddig!

August 19, 2016

 

KASANO A MAAMMOAM TI ACIDITY KEN ALKALINITY TI DAGAM USAR LAENG DAGITI BANAG A MABALINMO A MAKITA ITI UNEG TI BALAYMO


Okay, agsubsubli ti programatayo Agri Tayo Piddig ditoy laeng 105.1 DWCI FM.

Again apo ulitek ti hotline tayo para kadagitay kayatnan to ti agsaludsod, iti daytoy topikotayo apo iti daytoy a bigat, ken kasta metten dagiti suhestion, mabalin payen dagiti pangablaawyo kakailian. Itext laeng iti hotlinetayo 09369971108.

Okay intayon apo iti topikotayo nga insaganatayo iti daytoy a bigat.

Ammoyo apo, daytoy maipanggep iti daga a pagmulaantayo kadagiti mulatayo a pagay, natnateng – vegetables, wenno dadumapay, importante la unay a maamoantayo daytay kalidadna.

No ania a klase a daga, ania ti kalidadna – nabaknang kadi kadagiti organiko a banag? Adda kadi ti makunkuna a fertilidadna wenno tay soil fertility na? Masapol a maammoan ken of course daytoy acidity daytoy daga, importante unay daytoy.

Kasi ditoy a nakasalalay daytay panagbiag dayta mulatayo. Uray ania man ti imulatayo gagayyem ken kakabsat.

So iti daytoy a bigat, kas nangeganyon kadagiti immununan a panagprogramatayo, addan iti napasamaken a soil analysis iti ilitayo a Piddig during the administration of Mayor Eddie Guillen, nangisayangkatda ti pannaka-analyse dagitay dagdagatayo, dagiti appo a mannalon tapnon no kasta no agipakat kay ton kadagiti fertilizer ammoyon no ana ti ipakatyo, ania a klase ti fertilizer ti masapol dayta dagam especially no inka agbayad iti amilyar.

Ka geddanton daytay inka panagbayad ti amilyar ah ket tay maammoam to metten no kumusta ti kasasaad dayta dagam – ania dagiti masapolmo a fertilizer. That way, awan dagiti masaysayang nga ipakpakatyo (a fertilizer) yanta daga same as tay acidity na.

Ah ket tay nangeganyon iti sabali pay a panag programatayo, iti met Paspas Dur-as, Ni Governor Imee Maros daytoy met ti maysa a plano nan eh, iti intero nga Ilocos Norte, soil analysis! Makita ti kasasaad dagita daga a pagtatalonan.

And, ni President Rodrigo Duterte through Secretary Manny PIñol kasta metten ti plano da nga ubraen intero a pagilian a Pilipinas.

Ngem ditoy ilitayo a Piddig, nabayagen apo a nakaunatayo.

(BREAKER)

Ngem ammoyo kadi appo, no ti pagsasaritaan ket daytay panangkita laeng iti acidity dayta daga, daytay pH levelna, kayang-kayam a makita kano apo no acidic dayta dagam wenno saan uray saanmo mapan ipa-laboratoryo daytay soil samplena.

Oh ha! Kasano sir? Kunayo ngata aya.

Adda ditoy dagiti techniquena. Tallo laeng a wagas. Kumbaga ket Home Remedy – mabalinmo nga ubraen usar laeng dagitay banag nga addan mismo dita uneg ti balayyo.

Saanmon a masapol ti gumatang pay iti kumplikado nga aparato, or saan ket mang-hire iti eksperto a manangalisar dayta dagam, or mapan ‘yan ti soil laboratory tapno ma testing dayta dagam.

Kasi aglalo no medyo agtiptupidka bassit, awan ti kuwarta a pagpa-test mo, mabalinmo nga ubraen dagitoy, dagitoy nga home remedy kumbaga nga panangkita no dayta dagam ket acidic wenno saan.

(BREAKER)

Kuna ngamin dagitay eksperto aponga ti panangammom iti pH level yanta dagam ket very crucial sakbay iti panagmula, ah, ket dapat ket no ti panangalisarmo ta dagam isu pay ti mang determinar no ania a klase ti crop, ana a kalse ti mula ti dumakkel iti dayta a daga gagayyem ken kakabsat.

Siempre, haan tay met mailibak a ti maysa a soil laboratory isu ti “the best” nga paka determinaran no kumusta dayta dagam, ngem no daduma masapolmo ti aggasto kasi agbayad ka ken manmano dagiti soil laboratory iti lugartayo, especially ditoy Ilocos Norte  I think dita lang Batac ti maysa nga adda eh, dita asideg ti MMSU.

Ket iti kaudianen a panagsuksukisok dagiti eksperto, dagitay daga ditoy Pilipinas mabalinmo kano a ma determinar iti pH level na or ti status ti acidity na babaen kadagiti sumaganad, denggenyon ah. Dagitoy dagiti nagduduma a method tallo laengnga mabalinmo a matest ti soil pH iti kabukbukudanyo a lugar.

Umuna ti amin, daytoy panagusar ti litmus paper. Litmus paper alisto lang a magatang dayta apo.

Daytoy litmus paper apo maibilang ngamin ah pH sensitive paper. Kayatna sawen, no maikkan iti naalsem unay a banag – daytay acidic – ket adda ti panagbalbaliw ti colorna, gagayyem ken kakabsat.

So daytoy litmus paper ket maususar tapno ma determinar ti acidity as well as the alkalinity iti maysa  substancde.

It comes in pairs eh, red and blue litmus paper.

Daytoy red litmus paper agbalin a blue under alkaline condition. Daydiay met blue litmus paper agbalin a red under acidic conditions. So as simple as that.

Ti pumay-an tayo appo, tapno mausarmo daytoy litmus paper nga ma determinarmo ti pH level dayta dagam ay ket simple lang, kastoy ti ubraem kabsat:

Mangalaka ti sample daytay daga nga itestmo iti uneg iti maysa a garrapon wenno container. Nayunam ti distilled water so that agbalin a paste ti kitana, kasla agpitak gagayyem ken kakabsat.

And then, ipanmo tay litmus paper ken obserbarem no adda ti panagsukat ti color na.

No daytay red a litmus paper agbalin a blue kayatna sawen tay dagam ket alkaline soil. Ngem no daydiay blue a litmus paper nagbalin a red, kayatna sawen dayta dagam ket acidic gagayyem ken kakabsat.

(BREAKER)

As simple as that appo a mannalon, aya.

Ulitek, mangalaka ti sample a daga, ipanmo ti garrapon, danumam bassit a tay medyo agpalet kasla pitak, mangalaka ti litmus paper.

No tay red nagbalin a blue kayatna sawen appo ket  dayta dagam ket alkaline soil, ngem no daytay blue nagbalin a red acidic nokua dayta dagam.

So panagusar ti litmus paper.

Maikadua, ti panagusar ti suka ken. Oh, mabalin pay gayam ah. Suka mabalinmi masarakan dita uneg ti balaymo, baking soda adda latta dita uneg ti balaymo. No awan nalaka lang a gatangen ta baking soda. Awan pay siguro 20 pesos or 30 pesos kadagita paglakoan gagayyem ken kakabsat.

So suka ken baking soda.

Kasano da met apo nga mausar dagitoy tapno madeterminarmo nga acidic wenno saan dayta daga a pagmulaam .

(BREAKER)

Dagitoy dua apo a material nga ibagbagatayo, daytoy suka ken baking soda usually ususaren iti panagluto, di ba?

Kadagitay karinderia, kadagiti restaurant , dita uneg ti balay, dagitoy ket usaren a pagluto.

Ngem ammoyo kadi apo a dagitoy dua nga ingredients tay itatta ket agpada a sensitive iti acid ken kasta metten alkaline ket mausarmo pay kano a mang determinar ti acidity dayta dagam. Daytay pH level dayta dagam.

Napakasimple kano manen apo ti ubraem, awan taty kumplikado unay nga kumabaga ket methodna wenno step na.

Tay kankanayon ibaga ni Mayor Eddie Guillen-en nga saan a rocket science, dagitoy ket simple laeng nga ubraen.

Dagitoy a materials ket siempre mangala ka sample ti daga manen a kayat mo a ma testing. Inka diay talonmo, mangalaka ti sample ti daga.

Daytay innalam a sample no koma sanga-tasa ket i-divide mo into two portions and ipanmo iti plastic.

Dagitay sample, agsinnumbangir, nayunam ti half a tasa nga suka ipanmo diay ayan ti maysa a sample.

No adda dagitay kunkunana nga… adda tayt rumuar a bubbles, adda ti rapid bubbles a rumuar. Kayatna sawen daytay kasla burekna, adda rumuar a kasla burekna kayatna sawen daytay pH level ti daga… maysa daytoy nga alkaline soil kunak kuma, ket ti pH levelna ket ag rage from 7-8 gaggayyem ken kakabsat no kasdiay ti pumay-am.

No met icheckmo no acidic dayta daga, nayunam ti distilled water didiay (soil) sample until a didiay daga ket agbalin a kasla pitak. Nayunam ti gudwa tasa a baking soda ket no i-fizzle  na tay bubbles na kayatna sawen daydiay dagam ket acidic, addaan ti pH level raging between 5 and 6.

Ket no saan pulos a nag react daydiay daga, awan pulos ti makitam a chemical reaction na kayatna sawen neutral, haan nga acidic haan nga alkaline, normal lang.

Ayan, simple a wagas a ma testing daytay daga usar iti suka ken baking soda kakailian.

(BREAKER)

Ken kamaudiananna nga simple a wagas tapnon makitam daytay pH level dayta dagam.

Panagusar iti nalabbaga a repolyo.

Sinno kadakayon apo ti nakakitan iti nalabbaga a repolyo? Siak nakakita nakon. Iti ammo tay pay idi a ket display, display sa met daytoy a repolyo apay kastoy kitana kunkuna tay idi kua ket talaga gayam nga adda ti nalabagga a repolyo.

Haan met a tay nalabbaga a nalabbaga ngem medyo ag violet ti kulayna gagayyem ken kakabsat.

Mabalinmo nga usaren to determine the pH level iti aniaman a substance nga mailaok kadaytoy a klase ti repolyo.

Ket tapno madeterminarmo ti pH level dayta dagam usar daytoy a repolyo, daytoy red cabbage a kunkunatayo ket matadtad, kasla agtadtadka tay para laok ti pansit, kasdiay, usar ti maysa a kutsilyo gagayyem kenkakabsat.

Kalpasanna apo, ipaburekmo daytay distilled water ken later on inayon mo kadaytay natadtad a cabbage. So mangpaburekka paylaeng ti danum samonto inayon tay tinadtadmo a cabbage.

And then ibabadmo, iyupermo for about 20 minutes kadaydiay a naipaburek a danum sakbay nga ikkatem dagitay solid particles na, dagitay natadtaden apo a cabbage gagayyem ken kakabsat.

Ti laeng naibati nokuan daytay violet ti colorna a liquid, dayty nokua apo addaan iti neutral nga pH level segun kadagiti ekspert.

(BREAKER)

Kalpasanna apo, dagitay violet ti kulaynan nga liquid ipakbom iti dua nga agsina a tasa wenno baso. And then mangalaka iti soil sample, daytoy soil sample nga innalam siempre i-dividemo into two metlaeng. Ipanmo kadagitay saggaysa a cup.

And then ti pumayam apo ket daytoy daga, in-inot nga ipanmo idiay tasa. Sangka-bassit la kano umanayen ti dua a tea spoon.

Urayem aginggana 20 minutes, obserbarem no agsukat/agbaliw daytay kulayna daytoy tatta liquid a nagpa burekam ti red a cabbage.

No daytay mixture saan a nagbalbaliw it means daytay dagam ket neutral nga addaan pH level a 6.5 to 7.

Ngem no daytay violet a danom, a mixture apo, nagbalin a pink kayatna sawen daytay dagam ket acidic with a pH level value of 1-7. The brighter the pink color apo, no narangrang tay pink a kulayna ad-adda nga acidic dayta dagam.

No daytay mixture met kano apo ket nagbalin a green, daytay dagam ket maibilang nga alkaline soil with a pH level value ranging manipud 8-14. No nabra-bright daydiay green a colorna, kayatna sawen adu iti alkaline na dayta dagam.

As simple as that.

-end-

ENGLISH TRANSLATION:

CHEAP, EASY, AND PRACTICAL WAYS TO TEST SOIL PH LEVEL USING MATERIALS THAT ARE READILY AVAILABLE AT HOME

 

Knowing the pH (acidity and alkalinity) of a soil is very crucial before planting. It is used to identify crop suitability in specific areas. It will also help our farmers in determining what kinds of fertilizers should be applied.

Agriculture Secretary Manny Piñol has ordered the updating of soil analysis data nationwide.

Piñol said national soil testing and sampling is very vital in determining which region of the country could grow which crop best based on soil components and fertility (including acidity and alkalinity).

Laboratory is the best place where this test can be carried out but it is expensive, aside from the fact that there are only few soil laboratories in the country.

The Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte headed by Gov. Imee Marcos, in coordination with the Department of Agriculture Regional Office 1, is conducting a massive soil fertility analysis in Ilocos Norte to assess the quality and determine the growth potential of soils across the province.

Farmers, however, can determine the soil pH of their farmland using only materials that can be found at home.

There are different methods farmers can test soil pH on their own, these are:

Using litmus paper

Litmus paper is a pH sensitive paper used to determine the acidity and alkalinity of a substance. It comes in pairs, a red and blue litmus paper. Red litmus paper turns blue under alkaline conditions while blue litmus paper turns red under acidic conditions.

To use the Litmus paper determine soil pH, get the sample of the soil to be tested inside a container, add distilled water to it so that it looks slurry or form paste. Insert the Litmus papers and observe the change in color.  If the red litmus paper turns blue it means the soil is an alkaline soil and if the blue turns red, it means the soil is an acidic soil.

Using vinegar and baking soda

These two materials are common materials used in food industries, they are both sensitive to both acid and alkaline. They can be used to determine the pH of a soil.

To use these materials to determine soil pH, collect the soil sample to be tested, divide the soils into two portions and pour each in a plastic.  Add half cup of Vinegar into one sample, if it effervesces (that is it brings out rapid bubbles) it means the soil is alkaline with pH ranging between 7-8.

To check if the soil is acidic, add distilled water (This is the water gotten from the cooling of the water vapour that evolves when you boil water or can also be gotten from chemist shops) to the other sample until the soil gets muddy, add half cup of baking powder to it. If it fizzles our bubbles, it means the soil is acidic with pH ranging between 5 and 6. However, if the soils did not react at, it means it is neutral.

Using red cabbage and distilled water

Red cabbage is a common vegetable, the solution from the cabbage can be used to Determine the pH of any substance it comes in contact with.

To determine the pH of the soil using these materials, the red cabbage is chopped into pieces with a knife. Boil the distilled water and later add the chopped red cabbage, allow it to soak for about 20 minutes before you evacuate the solid particles of the cabbage leaving the purple-colored liquid, with a neutral pH.

Pour the liquids into two different cups, divide the soil to be tested into two with each portion in different cups, pour little quantity of the liquid into little quantity of the soil like 2 full teaspoons. Wait for about 40 minutes to observe the change in color.

If the mixture is purple in color, it means the sand is neutral with a pH of about 6.5-7. If the mixture turns pink, it means the soil is acidic with a pH value of between 1-7, the brighter the pink color, the more acidic the soil is. If the mixture turns green it implies that the soil is alkaline with a pH value ranging from 8 – 14, the brighter the green color the more alkaline the soil is.

Accurate result can be achieved through the use of distilled water. Distilled water is known to be free from ions that can react with the solution, thus, hindering the results.

With these 3 simple steps, farmers will be able to determine the acidity or alkalinity of their soil using only materials that are available in their homes. Easy and cheap for a better crop yield.

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